The population of Bijelo Polje, in terms of ethnicity, is very heterogeneous. According to the last census in the census in the 2003rd year, it is concluded that an increase in the representation of Bosniaks and Montenegrins and Serbs and Muslims reduction. These differences are not the result of natural processes or migration, but mostly from a different declaration in the list.
In contrast to the significant changes in the ethnic structure, the structure of the population by religion is not changed significantly.

Population and its number and structure, is the most important factor in social development at all levels. Unfavorable demographics, which are reflected in the migration from rural to urban areas and depletion of underdeveloped areas, which is supported by data from the census 2003rd and 2011th year, resulted in the lack of evaluation of the significant natural, economic and human resources of municipalities, primarily the northern region. This trend is characteristic of Bijelo Polje. The city population is constantly growing up in 1981. years, and after that came the fall.
According to the 2011th The total population in the municipality of Bijelo Polje is 46.051, which is 7.43%% of the total population of Montenegro. The population density is 49.8 inhabitants per km2, which is significantly lower than the country's average and, at the same time, more than twice the average density of the northern region.
Total number of households, according to the same census, is 13,199, which is 89 fewer households compared to 2003. year.
Indicators natural movement of the population, such as population growth and vitality index, in the period between the last two censuses, were positive, but the mechanical indicators (migration) trends were significant and exceeded the positive effects, so that the growth of the positive indicators of the 1,273 lost negative growth of 5506, resulting in a decrease in population of 4,233.The negative demographic trend based on migration flows relates to:
•    migration to other areas of Montenegro and
•    migration from Montenegro.
According to the census 2011th , in Bijelo Polje has 137 villages, 18 of which are in urban and 119 in rural areas. In urban areas live 15.400 inhabitants or 33.44% in the rural 30.651 or 66.56%.