The population of Bijelo Polje, in terms of ethnicity, is very heterogeneous. According to the last census in the census in the 2003rd year, it is concluded that an increase in the representation of Bosniaks and Montenegrins and Serbs and Muslims reduction. These differences are not the result of natural processes or migration, but mostly from a different declaration in the list.
In contrast to the significant changes in the ethnic structure, the structure of the population by religion is not changed significantly.

Population and its number and structure, is the most important factor in social development at all levels. Unfavorable demographics, which are reflected in the migration from rural to urban areas and depletion of underdeveloped areas, which is supported by data from the census 2003rd and 2011th year, resulted in the lack of evaluation of the significant natural, economic and human resources of municipalities, primarily the northern region. This trend is characteristic of Bijelo Polje. The city population is constantly growing up in 1981. years, and after that came the fall.
According to the 2011th The total population in the municipality of Bijelo Polje is 46.051, which is 7.43%% of the total population of Montenegro. The population density is 49.8 inhabitants per km2, which is significantly lower than the country's average and, at the same time, more than twice the average density of the northern region.
Total number of households, according to the same census, is 13,199, which is 89 fewer households compared to 2003. year.
Indicators natural movement of the population, such as population growth and vitality index, in the period between the last two censuses, were positive, but the mechanical indicators (migration) trends were significant and exceeded the positive effects, so that the growth of the positive indicators of the 1,273 lost negative growth of 5506, resulting in a decrease in population of 4,233.The negative demographic trend based on migration flows relates to:
•    migration to other areas of Montenegro and
•    migration from Montenegro.
According to the census 2011th , in Bijelo Polje has 137 villages, 18 of which are in urban and 119 in rural areas. In urban areas live 15.400 inhabitants or 33.44% in the rural 30.651 or 66.56%.

Municipality of Bijelo Polje is located in the north of Montenegro, between 42o 55 'and 43o10' north latitude and 19o30 'and 20o05' east longitude.
It stretches over 924 km2, covering 6.7% of the territory of Montenegro, which makes it the fourth municipality by area in Montenegro.
Bijelo Polje municipality is hilly - mountainous areas of northern Montenegro, surrounded by high mountains. It is located between Bjelasica, Lisa and Pester plateau.
The entire territory of the municipality lies at an altitude of over 500 meters. It is intersected by numerous valleys, above all, Lim and his left (Lješnica, Brzava, Ljubovidja and Lipnica. (Goduški river, the river Midsummer, Bijelo Polje Bistrica) and right tributaries, which give special relief physiognomy.
It borders with the country's municipalities Pljevlja, Mojkovac i Berane and municipalities in Serbia: Prijepolje i Sjenica.

Municipality of Bijelo Polje belongs to hilly and mountainous area of northern Montenegro, surrounded by high mountains. It is located between mountains Bjelasica, Lisa and Pester plateau. It stretches over 924 km ², covering 6.7% of the territory of Montenegro, which makes it the fourth municipality by area in Montenegro. According to the data of the Statistical Office of Montenegro-Monstat, from 2011th year Bijelo Polje has 46.051 inhabitants. As the largest city in the northern region, Bijelo Polje has seventeen elementary schools, threehigh schools and five faculty units with 184 students enrolled in 2011 / 2012th year, in three faculty units. According to the EmploymentAgency of Montenegro on 31.12.2012. year municipality of Bijelo Polje had 3,995 unemployed people, unemployment in the municipality makes 11.6% of total unemployment in Montenegro, and 31.4% rate of the northern region.

In Bijelo Polje operates 1,009 companies and entrepreneurs, of which 669 companies with 3,435 employees and 340 entrepreneurs with 1,237 employees.
Total number of employees in the economy of the Municipality in late 2011. year was 4,672, or 68.4% of total employment in the municipality. From the standpoint of size, in the municipality operates one large, 9 medium and 136 small businesses and 523 micro-enterprises.
Economic development is based on the small and medium enterprises in the manufacturing industry (food industry, wood processing, metal processing), agriculture (livestock farms, growing crops), tourism (agro-tourism, accommodation and meals and travel agencies) and hotel business (trade, transportation and warehousing, administrative and other services).
Agriculture is a priority branch of economy in the municipality that it can provide more than good positioning compared to the region, even more so, as the development of agriculture Municipality has significant resources, both land and favorable climatic conditions. The presence of various international organizations in the past was of great importance for the municipality because many infrastructure development projects have been implemented. Networking and inter-municipal cooperation in order to implement the IPA cross-border projects, is of great importance.